The Good Life Red Amber Green Model of care and inclusion

The way in which community and care assets are set up and run can have a significant impact on inclusion and the short and long term benefits, as described in the table below.


Description of Model

Impact and outcomes






Traditional model of support

Response to need has been to create specific Red groups that provide   care and one-size-fits-all structured support for groups with specific need   in the form of “Benevolent Ghetto’s” or “Sanctuaries” – can include anything   delivered in a health or care centre   setting.


e.g. people living with specific needs attending a day care centre.

Appropriate for some specific services provision – e.g. health care   delivered in a clinic.


Some high-level tailored specialist care will be needed individuals,   for example individuals with progressed stages of dementia.


Every extra hour spent in a Red setting strengthens the bonds of   dependency on the red service and weakens the bridges and connections of   individuals with the wider community.

Red and Amber may:

  •   Be required as steps for building individuals   confidence/skills to be able to take part in Green groups.
  •   Increase the dependency or ‘bond’ of   individuals upon the service, reducing natural bridges/connectivity to the   outside world.
  •   Create barriers (for example perceived   stigmatism) and may not be enticing or even accessible to everyone,   potentially increasing isolation and reducing their access to services for   those who do not willingly take part.
  •   Result in long and lonely evenings/weekends,   when the groups aren’t running.





Amber: “the illusion of inclusion”.


Groups set up in ‘ordinary’ places in the community’ where everyone   in the group shares the same label.


e.g. a social group for frail older people run in a community centre,   which doesn’t interact with other clubs that run at the centre.

Placing a group/activity in a community venue does not necessarily   connect the group or enable interactions with the wider community.


Interactions with other groups or individuals is limited. Virtual   walls exist around groups – for example the group may have access with other   groups to shared coffee facilities but choose to sit together at the coffee   table and not interact with others.







The Good Life “Ideal Model of Support”


General public group or service based in ‘ordinary places’ for people   with a similar interest, regardless of need.


To keep people safe and well you need diverse populations,   representative of the natural population.


e.g. a craft club, run in a library, that welcomes everyone   regardless of ability or condition. Attendees and staff running the sessions   are able to support people with memory loss.

Green places create and strengthen bridges, connecting people using   the place or service with the outside world.


It is important not to flood a group with a disproportionate amount   of people with a specific condition or need – or the general public will   often gravitate away from the group and the group will become Amber again.



Green   Model of Support:

  1. 1.         Provides better quality, improved choice and access,   and ultimately can create a greater and more sustainable impact on inclusion,   health and wellbeing.
  2. 2.         Creates efficiencies, reduces duplication and enables   better use of resources and spend.
  3. 3.         Reduces long term care costs.

A live example to demonstrate how the Good Life Red-Amber-Green Model of care and inclusion approach
(as shown in Appendix 2B) is benefiting a group of individuals in South Staffordshire

The model works to support and include people who are isolated as a result of health, social or personal circumstances.

The table below shows how The Good Life Model of Care and inclusion is already benefiting a group of people with learning difficulties, who traditionally were provided care in a social day care setting that have now been enabled to make positive contributions and interact as part of the community.